information security management practices

December 6, 2020 in Uncategorized

Siponen et al. However, they did not identify, were nor did they discuss their roles and responsibilities in the policy development process. This will help to identify, and helps to avoid the risk of having an outdated and irreleva, ineffective control in mitigating risks (A, underestimated. "Employees’ Adherence to Information, Security Policies: An Exploratory Field Study,", Siponen, M., Pahnila, S., and Mahmood, A. "Impro. 2001. The Information Security Officer The first thing that any security program must do is establish the presence of the Information Security Officer. format is prepared the distribution of the policy takes place. . Following is a discussion of. Then ideas and concepts were, summaries enable the researcher to remember the important themes d, by the end of the overall review. Second, we explain the rese. the literature. Lim, Ahmad, A., Chang, S., and Maynard, S. Emerging Concerns and Challenges," PACIS 2010 Proceedings, paper 43 , pp 463-474. Policies are the blueprints of the information security program. using interviews and, n means (Anderson Consulting 2000). 1995. strategy. Utilizing theories drawn from literature, this paper proposes the Enterprise Information Security Policy Assessment approach that expands on the Goal-Question-Metric (GQM) approach. 2014). Contribute peer-reviewed research towards our collective understanding of information security. Understand how the various protection mechanisms are used in information security management. online, HTML) and how it will be, with the policy and the importance of user awar, development lifecycles proposed (Bin Muhaya 20. Establishing and maintaining an information security framework is a … Further, Knapp et al. model that addresses the four deficiencies in literature. Höne and Eloff (2002b) explore the factors that make security policy an effective control in, protecting organisational information assets. Therefore, the organisation must communicate the policy (Rees e, Institute 2001; Sommestad et al. of the 6th a. Maynard, S., Ruighaver, A., and Ahmad, A. Background: Information system use has substantially increased among the organization based on its effective integration of the resources and improved performance. They, critical deficiencies that affect organisations, empirical data. Even if you are not part of your organization's management team, watch how management works in the information security environment. "Development of Security Policies,", Oost, D., and Chew, E.K. The campus police have clear responsibility for physical security. "Variations in Information Security, Bengtsson, J. ISO/IEC 27001 is widely known, providing requirements for an information security management system (ISMS), though there are more than a dozen standards in the ISO/IEC 27000 family. Scholars in the area of information security have argued that security culture is a key factor in safeguarding information assets. After establishing the policy development team, the, (Rees et al. Previously four deficiencies have been identified in existing policy dev, section these deficiencies will be discussed in d, The first deficiency is the lack of holistic view of th, some of the existing policy development lifecycles. 2008. The increasing reliance on the information system serves as a great security threat for the firms. Know what management's responsibility is in the information security environment. (2003), Knapp et al. 2014. Information Systems are composed in three main portions, hardware, software and communications with the purpose to help identify and apply information security industry standards, as mechanisms of protection and … Knapp, K.J., Franklin Morris Jr, R., Marshall, T.E., Li, H., Sarathy, R., Zhang, J., and Luo, X. In, fact, policy development lifecycles proposed by, development of security policy to the development. "Security Through Process Management,", Bin Muhaya, F.T. (201, in teaching the organisation’s employees about their role in maintaining the policy so that policy, role that an awareness program plays in k, For example, communicating the policy is done through conducti, how perform security procedures that the policy, campaign to raise people’s awareness about the organisation’s policy. The distribution of the policy involves: the organisation (Gaunt 1998; Lindup 1995; SANS, employees, others publish the policy electronically, ould be available and easy to access (SANS Institute, the most appropriate policy delivery methods to, n Consulting 2000; Hare 2002). © 2015 Alshaikh, Maynard, Ahmad and Chang. All content in this area was uploaded by Sean B. Maynard on Dec 10, 2015, Australasian Conference on Information Systems, Department of Computing and Information Systems, Considerable research effort has been devoted to the study of, that reduce the utility of the guidance to organisations impl, This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the management practic. The model provides comprehensive guidance to practitioners on the activities security managers must undertake for security policy development and allows practitioners to benchmark their current practice with the models suggested best practice. Interested in research on Security Policy? 2003; Whitman 2008). Information security has emerged as a separate discipline with multiple dimensions, such as physical security, technical security, operational security, mobile security, application security and behavioural security. . This study aims to determine the extent to which information security management (ISM) practices impact the organisational agility by examining the relationship between both concepts.,A quantitative method research design has been used in this study. Organizational Multi-Strategy Perspective,", Ahmad, A., Maynard, S.B., and Shanks, G. 2015. In particular, despite the existence of ‘best-practice’ standards on information security management, organizations have no way of evaluating the, Effective information security training and awareness (ISTA) is essential to protect organizational information resources. Results: Despite the implementation of the policy, employees were unaware of it. requirements when developing security policies. "Exploring the Effects of Organization. Enterprise Information Security Policy Assessment -An Extended Framework for Metrics Development Uti... Information Security Policy: A Management Practice Perspective, Information Security Culture: Towards an Instrument for Assessing Security Management Practices. "An Approach for the Development of National Information Security Policies,", International Journal of Advanced Science & Techn, Doherty, N.F., and Fulford, H. 2006. (Knapp et al. Keywords: best practice, best security practices, administrative security, security process framework, knowledge management. Risk management is the identification, measurement, control, and minimization of loss associated with uncertain events or risks. Most organizations have a dedicated information security team, which carries out risk assessments and defines policies, procedures, and … Security. and user’s intent (Puhakainen and Siponen 2010). . They must take an active role in setting and supporting the information security environment. The review also supports Knapp et al. reliability or objectivity of the recommended practices as they do not provide any underlying reasoning or justification. Section 13 – Information Security Incident Management. "Policy Awar, Information Security Effectiveness in Organizations,". A close-ended questionnaire is used for evaluating the awareness level among the individuals. Management tools such as data classification, risk assessment, and risk analysis are used to identify the threats, classify assets, and to rate their vulnerabilities so that effective security controls can be implemented. ceptance of the policy (Kadam 2007; Lindup 1995; . enforcement of the policy (Knapp and Ferrante 2012; Siponen et al. The model provides comprehensive guidance to practitioners on the activities security managers must undertake for security policy development and allows practitioners to benchmark their current practice with the models suggested best practice. The first step to preparing the organization against these threats is the development of a systems security policy which provides instruction for the development and implementation of a security posture, as well as provides guidelines for the acceptable and expected uses of the systems. 2012. The model is, organised in three institutionalisation stages. development of policy and (2) define roles and responsibilities. . Their first-hand experiences provide organizations with a unique opportunity to draw security lessons and insights towards improving enterprise-wide security management processes. 2014; argument supports the claim made by several authors. which enable sufficient guidance for the organisations to manage their security policy. It is the bridge between understanding what is to be protected and why those protections are necessary. Follow these ten cybersecurity best practices to develop a comprehensive network security management strategy. It starts by identifying assets and then forming a team to d, Then the draft policy is produced. The deficiency of IS security policy has also been examined by, This project helps organisations protect their information resources from complex and evolving information security threats. Consequently, security researchers have consis. (2014), Li et al. Conclusion: The study concludes that the organization needs to educate the workforce of the information security policy and develop their necessary understanding of the information security system. For example, the model makes, ‘communicating’ and ‘distributing’ the security policy, which has, delivery of the policy documents to the employees as ‘distribute the policy’ wh, Another example of inconsistency in terminology and semantics is the use of ‘enforcement’ and, ‘compliance’ to refer to the effort that management should do to ensure. This is driven by a range of factors, including a need to improve the efficiency of business processes, the demands of compliance regulations and the desire to deliver new services. We acknowledge the importance of having risk, assessment as an input the policy development proces, training to communicate and enforce policy. There is wide agreement in the literature that policy needs to be reviewed peri. The candidate will be expected to understand the planning, organization, and roles of the individual in identifying and securing an organization's information assets; the development and use of policies stating management's views and position on particular topics and the use of guidelines, standard, and procedures to support the policies; security awareness training to make employees aware of the importance of information security, its significance, and the specific security-related requirements relative to their position; the importance of confidentiality, proprietary, and private information; employment agreements; employee hiring and termination practices; and risk management practices and tools to identify, rate, and reduce the risk to specific resources.". 2006. Themes were divided into sub-themes, and. institutionalisation stages as well as practi, The model provides a sound basis for further work. For organisations this is highly significant, as evidence shows that des, Review the efforts of others in understanding the conceptualisation of information security strategy. This study was conducted throughout Malaysia with a total of … This will increase the chance of successful implementa, (Peltier 2013). Baskerville and Sipone, Therefore, the organisation should identify its, that the organisation aims to achieve. Understand the principles of security management. Information Technology (IT) Security Management Practices 62 January 2013 Office of the Auditor General – Manitoba Web Version Background Information security Information security is the means of protecting information assets from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, review, and … Enforcing policy is an ongoing activity to ensure that th, 2002). One of the jobs of a Trojan horse is to replace a program with one that can be used to attack the system. 2007. This type of lateral thinking will help on the exam and can make you a valuable contributor to your organization's security posture. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the management practices of information security policy, There is considerable literature in the area of information security management (ISM). When doing this, every user's role and responsibilities should be accounted for by understanding how to protect the organization's information assets. Security governance, organization of security, personnel security, supplier & third-party data management, mobile security, business continuity, audit/compliance, privacy. 2003; SANS Institute 2001; Whitman and Mattord 2010). London, England Armonk, New York : M.E. Each, and each practice consists of activities should, organisation of the model provides in depth discussion of the management prac. explain how the proposed model addresses the identified deficiencies in the discussion section, Finally, we revisit the main contribution and, There are a number of studies on the development and implem, (Bayuk 1997; Kadam 2007; Knapp et al. Determining the security needs of the organisation consists of t, requirements and (2) assessing the organisa, Due to the fact that organisations have different se. Subsequently, a conceptual model was proposed taking into consideration factors that influences information security culture. Information security management When it comes to keeping information assets secure, organizations can rely on the ISO/IEC 27000 family. The main purpose of the former is to limit unacceptable behavior, while the purpose of the latter enhances the reader's understanding about information security ( Whitman et al., 1999 ). Combining these arguments, we suggest that differences in security cultures across professions need to be examined to fully comprehend the influences of security culture. The paper identifies three challenges: the lack of motivational aspects in current ISTA program, the competition for employees' attention and the difficulty in measuring the effectiveness of ISTA program. They re, when writing security policy. "P. Ahmad, A., Maynard, S.B., and Park, S. 2014b. To address this issue we use a security learning process model which will be refined through a series of action research cycles. 2003; SANS Institute 2001; Whitman. They are concerned with the various aspects of managing the organization's information assets in areas such as privacy, confidentiality, integrity, accountability, and the basics of the mechanisms used in their management. .). stages: the development stage, the implementation and maintenance s. Each stage consists of several practices containing management activities. (2009) proposes, process in a very general manner without providing sufficient descriptions of the policy management, Table 1 Summary of Deficiencies identifies in Existing policy developme, The fourth deficiency is the difficulty to extricate, practice areas such as risk management and SETA. Further, the model. Similarly, ... From this discussion it is clear that current security practice and compliance with standards is not enough to protect organisations. "What Makes a Good Information Security Policy: A, Preliminary Framework for Evaluating Security Policy Quality,", security conference, Las Vegas, Nevada USA, Maynard, S., and Ruighaver, A. Information Security Attributes: or qualities, i.e., Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability (CIA). processes caused by the new policies implementation (Maynard and Ruighaver 2003). The paper identifies nine security practice constructs from the literature and develops measurement items for organizations to assess the adequacy of their security management practices. Policy enforcement does not simply involve identifying and, is a managerial activity that considers the unauthorized. The security policy document should state the mana, direction, and set out the organisation's approach to manage inf, 2006). "Motiva, Webb, J., Ahmad, A., Maynard, S.B., and Shanks, G. 2014. Policies, Standards, Guidelines, and Procedures, CompTIA Cybersecurity Analyst (CySA+) CS0-002 Cert Guide Premium Edition and Practice Test, 2nd Edition, CompTIA Cybersecurity Analyst (CySA+) CS0-002 Cert Guide, 2nd Edition, CIA: Information Security's Fundamental Principles, User Information Security Responsibilities, Background Checks and Security Clearances, Employment Agreements, Hiring, and Termination. Information security risk management, or ISRM, is the process of managing risks associated with the use of information technology. Hassan and Ismail 2012; Lim et al. policy quality, compliance and employees’ attitude towards security policy. Successful communication of the policy leads to better compliance from employees (Sommes, Communicating the policy is important in assisting the organisation. The best security policies and procedures are ineffectual if users do not understand their roles and responsibilities in the security environment. "What Make, ISO/IEC27002. 2002b. 1999; about many important activities in the development process of security policy. A coding process was utilised to synthesise the identified articl, robust understanding of security policy manage, model was proposed based on the understanding, The guidelines proposed by Okoli and Schabram, literature. 2003). This domain is divided into several objectives for study. The involvement of relevant stakeholders in the, team of representative stakeholders from across the organisation at all levels is assemb, Representative stakeholders in the organisation, decision makers, managers, legal department, the, function area personnel affected by the new policy, scope of the developed policy is an important, department within the organisation may involve less people in the development process than the. 2010. This chapter provides background support for the need for information security a sample structure that may be used to develop such a policy. © 2020 Pearson Education, Pearson IT Certification. No new themes were identified, however, the review provided more, details about the identified themes from the lifecycl, themes. "Information Systems Security Policies: A, Klaic, A., and Hadjina, N. 2011. "Strategic Information Se, Neuman, W.L. Potential Roles of Engineers in the Formulation, curity Policy — What Do International Information, s an Effective Information Security Policy?,", andard: Information Technology - Security, MIPRO, 2011 Proceedings of the 34th International, eness, Enforcement and Maintenance: Critical to, 2010. The Information Security Management practice is there to protect the information needed by the organization to conduct its business. 2014; Webb et al. A comparison was made between the themes that reappear in different places. its security needs and achieve its business objectives. For example, Hare (2002) presents, ematic way, however, details are lacking about how, a model of policy development that presents the, 009) and Patrick (2002) include practices such as, ty awareness program and selection of technical, of a security program in the organisation. This chapter covers Domain 3, Security Management Practices, 1 of 10 domains of the Common Body of Knowledge (CBK) covered in the Certified Information Systems Security Professional Examination. All rights reserved. Whitman, M.E., Townsend, A.M., and Aalberts, R.J. Wood, C.C. information security policy management practice. The, literature: lacks a holistic view of the policy lifecycle (d, and semantics (deficiency 2); uses varying levels, activities (deficiency 3); and makes it difficult to extricate guidance on policy m, of other practice areas such as risk management, Therefore, the aim this paper is to: (1) provide a, of information security policy; and (2) develop. von Solms identifies 12 different dimensions of information security and also explains the … information security management practices within this stage. It is shown that the proposed framework addresses the requirement for developing assessment metrics and allows for the concurrent undertaking of process-based and product-based assessment. Information Security Management Practices: Case Studies from India Abhishek Narain Singh1 M.P. Once the appropriate. . Ensure the security of your data by regularly backing it up. Understanding these roles and responsibilities is key to creating and implementing security policies and procedures. The, the model using, in turn, a set of expert interviews, a set o, organisations and finally a set of focus groups. Information Security Policies, Procedures, ving Employees' Compliance through Information, G. 2012. > This is important, tion of the updated policies in the organisation, gather key materials such as existing policy and, practice in the development phase of information, licy items may address access control, Internet, the systems, ways to control access (passwords. Managing security policy involves, The coding process eventually led to the identification of seven security policy manage. The study addresses the following research question: What information security policy manageme, background section. "Security management entails the identification of an organization's information assessment and the development, documentation, and implementation of policies, standards, procedures, and guidelines that ensure confidentiality, integrity, and availability. Another example is to use an awareness, 2006; Knapp et al. The, om this review, we have developed a model of, The model consists of three institutionalisa, has several implications for practitioners and, dance on security policy management practices, cy management research activity to the proposed, ces within each stage) to identify areas for future, rotecting Organizational Competitive Advantage: A, "Information Security Strategies: Towards an. By extension, ISM includes information risk management, a process which involves the assessment of the … To accompli, Feedback can be collected from relevant stakeholde, analysed to determine the effectiveness of the policy, to monitor compliance and to determ, relevance of the policy. Articles. The model defines the management practice to ensure that users adhere to policy as ‘enforce policy’. Objective: The study intends to evaluate the security of the information system in the organization located in the region of Saudi Arabia, concerning the user’s awareness level. How can you handle backups? Information security management describes controls that an organization needs to implement to ensure that it is sensibly protecting the confidentiality, availability, and integrity of assets from threats and vulnerabilities. "I, Alshaikh, M., Ahmad, A., Maynard, S.B., and Chang, S. 2014. Houston : InformationShield, c2005. ISO 27001 is the de facto global standard. It includes overall security review, risk analysis, selection and evaluation of safeguards, cost benefit analysis, management decision, safeguard implementation, and effectiveness review. Industry standards for info security are not a cure all – and I think that this is a good thing on the whole. 1999; Wood 2005). "An In, Bayuk, J. Then, using those standards, you can create procedures that can implement the policies. The model provides comprehensive guidance to, tice with the models suggested best practice. 1997. 2011. Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. "Information Systems Security and the. Version 10.0. 2014). Training is the only way for users to understand their responsibilities. Dell power solutions. 2007. 2012. Second, enforcement can be done, employees’ behaviour towards adherence to security policies (Siponen et al. 2014; S, 2014). Know what is required for Security Awareness Training. 1: Introduction 1 "Things are in the saddle, /And ride 1 This paper is based on work performed under the Principal Resource for Information Management Enterprise-wide (PRIME) … The practice of distributing the policy is to ensure that all stakeholders i, users and mangers, have access to the policy document (Höne and Eloff 2002a). Change control is one defense against this type of attack. med (Maynard and Ruighaver 2007; Patrick 2002). Improving information management practices is a key focus for many organisations, across both the public and private sectors. The number and type of incidents, policy is no longer effective (Bañares-Alcántara, helps to recommend possible changes in the current policy to, policy remains an effective control in protecti, of the policy should be done at least annually (H, should occur whenever major changes in information, The management of information security policy is an iterative process. 2009; Maynard and Ruighaver 2003). The model incorporates security lessons and insights learnt from incidents into routine security practices. This in-progress study suggests organization in building a comprehensive security culture particularly for healthcare environment. procedures will ensure that new policies conform to existing policy standards (SANS Institute 2001). From management to the users, everyone who has access to your organization's systems and networks is responsible for their role in maintaining security as set by the policies. First, they are presented at a conceptual-level without any empirical evidence of their validity. For example, Bayuk (1997) presents a process with, a narrow view that focuses on the development of policy documents and does no, practices related to the implementation and the maintenance of the policy. It is important to take a layered approach with your organization’s security. "Information Se, Höne, K., and Eloff, J.H.P. "Aligning the Information Security, Hassan, N.H., and Ismail, Z. Knowing how to assess and manage risk is key to an information security management program. Managing security is the management of risk. Scholars in the area of professional culture have argued that differences in cultures across professions must be accounted for, in correctly assessing the influence of culture. Maynard and Ruighaver (2003) argue the impo, Compiling the security policy document consists of a number, components, writing draft policy and presenting the. Home Therefore, we look at how that data can be classified so it can be securely handled. . The model contributes to theory by mapping existing information security policy research in terms of the defined management practices. 2012; Whitman 2008; W. appropriate language in writing security policy. However, from an organizational viewpoint, the collective body of literature does not present a coherent, unified view of recommended security management practices. Our case analysis presents and identifies significant and systemic shortcomings of the incident response practices of an Australian financial organization. 2005; (2002) argue that it is important to have a good understanding. An Exploratory Study of Current Information Security Training and Awareness Practices in Organizatio... Conference: The 26th Australasian Conference on Information Systems. 2001. Protecting data is the objective of every information security program. Primary reasons of this can be the new and innovative ways of information handling The feedback should be, whether the organisation needs to modify the policy, 2010; Kadam 2007; SANS Institute 2001). (2010) were followed to review and analyse the, themes, and sentences that related to policy, rtant concepts were summarised in the back of its last page. Improving on the employment policies and practices to perform better background checks and better handle hiring and termination, as well as other concerns to help minimize the internal threat, are important information security practices. Methods: The quantitative design of the study is adopted which uses the survey approach. the development and implementation of SETA program is not part of the policy management process. For instance, while the model does not, the development as well as the evaluation stage of, reports the need for conducting SETA program to. Security management can be difficult for most information security professionals to understand. With the advent of ransomware, having a full and current backup of all your data can be a lifesaver. An authoritative and practical classroom resource, Information Security Management: Concepts and Practice provides a general overview of security auditing before examining the various elements of the information security life cycle. Information security is a set of practices intended to keep data secure from unauthorized access or alterations. In understanding information security management, there are a number of principles you need to know to create a managed security program. Improve the consistence in terminology and semantics, practices addresses the problem of inconsistency, rs to selecting the policy delivery methods and doing the actual, stage consists of several management practic, be undertaken to perform this practice.

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