matthew 5 commentary

December 6, 2020 in Uncategorized

Certain it is, that while the final punishment of the wicked is described in the Old Testament by allusions to this valley of Tophet or Hinnom ( Isaiah 30:33 , 66:24 ), our Lord Himself describes the same by merely quoting these terrific descriptions of the evangelical prophet ( Mark 9:43-48 ). Matthew 5:1 And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came unto him: Matthew 5:2 And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying, Matthew 5:3 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. On the contrary, our Lord Himself expressly teaches us that God's method is to awaken in us compassion towards our fellow men by His own exercise of it, in so stupendous a way and measure, towards ourselves. 26. But who can reasonably imagine such a thing, just after the most solemn and emphatic proclamation of the perpetuity of the law, and the honor and glory in which it was to be held under the new economy? It is the expression manifestly, of supreme legislative authority; and as the subject in connection with which it is uttered is the Moral Law, no higher claim to an authority strictly divine could be advanced. That men’s divorcing of their wives upon dislike, or for any other cause except adultery, however tolerated and practised among the Jews, was a violation of the seventh commandment, as it opened a door to adultery, v. 31 , v. 32 . 22. Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy--Beautiful is the connection between this and the preceding beatitude. 23. He who shall one day fix the destiny of all men here pronounces certain characters "blessed"; but He ends by forewarning them that the world's estimation and treatment of them will be the reserve of His. 5 Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. But though such precepts were never before expressed--perhaps not even conceived--with such breadth, precision, and sharpness as here, our Lord is here only the incomparable Interpreter of the law in force from the beginning; and this is the only satisfactory view of the entire strain of this discourse. neither by heaven; for it is God's throne--(quoting Isaiah 66:1 ); 35. ( Matthew 5:21-26 ). Hence Christians are warily styled "the salt of the earth"--with reference to the masses of mankind with whom they are expected to mix; but "the light of the world"--with reference to the vast and variegated surface which feels its fructifying and gladdening radiance. ", 47. Compare Matthew 18:17 , where the excommunicated person is said to be "as an heathen man and a publican. But it was not till Christ "made peace by the blood of the cross" that God could manifest Himself as "the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great Shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant" ( Hebrews 13:20 )--could reveal Himself as "in Christ reconciling the world unto Himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them," and hold Himself forth in the astonishing attitude of beseeching men to be "reconciled to Himself" ( 2 Corinthians 5:19 2 Corinthians 5:20 ). Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven--As nobody lights a lamp only to cover it up, but places it so conspicuously as to give light to all who need light, so Christians, being the light of the world, instead of hiding their light, are so to hold it forth before men that they may see what a life the disciples of Christ lead, and seeing this, may glorify their Father for so redeeming, transforming, and ennobling earth's sinful children, and opening to themselves the way to like redemption and transformation. Jesus began his last example of real ‘righteousness’. Then, in the fullest sense, shall the mourners be "comforted.". "From this verse," says THOLUCK, "the reference to the Old Testament background ceases." Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. When we find God's own procedure held up for imitation in the law, and much more in the prophets ( Leviticus 19:2 , 20:26 ; and compare 1 Peter 1:15 1 Peter 1:16 ), we may see that the principle of this surprising verse was nothing new: but the form of it certainly is that of One who spake as never man spake. But the full and beatific vision of God is reserved for that time to which the Psalmist stretches his views--"As for me, I shall behold Thy face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with Thy likeness" ( Psalms 17:15 ). Doubtless they suffered for righteousness' sake. But, says the apostle, expressing the converse of this beatitude--"Follow holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord" ( Hebrews 12:14 ). What you do matters. Blessed are the peacemakers--who not only study peace, but diffuse it. This general way of taking the phrase is much better than understanding "the law" and "the prophets" separately, and inquiring, as many good critics do, in what sense our Lord could be supposed to meditate the subversion of each. Compare Mark 9:43-48 . The remedy for this, says our Lord here, is the active presence of His disciples among their fellows. 21. Also used of the meek and quiet spirit of godly women in 1 Peter 3:4. c. This has a lot to do with humility and servant hood, as does the prior two qualities. 30. Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement--a legal check upon reckless and tyrannical separation. But blessed are they who, in spite of this, dare to be righteous. Matthew 21:5. b. . Commentary on Matthew 5:1-12. In other words, they shall be reduced by the retributive providence that overtakes them, to the same condition of dishonor to which, by their system and their teaching, they have brought down those eternal principles of God's law. But oh, with what grand simplicity, brevity, and power is this great fundamental truth here expressed! 14. Rejoice, and be exceeding glad--"exult." 1. 46. The same distinction is observable in the second pair of those seven parables which our Lord spoke from the Galilean Lake--that of the "mustard seed," which grew to be a great overshadowing tree, answering to the sunlight which invests the world, and that of the "leaven," which a woman took and, like the salt, hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened ( Matthew 13:31-33 ). Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted--This "mourning" must not be taken loosely for that feeling which is wrung from men under pressure of the ills of life, nor yet strictly for sorrow on account of committed sins. The character and principles of Christians, brought into close contact with it, are designed to arrest the festering corruption of humanity and season its insipidity. and it giveth light--shineth "unto all that are in the house.". But how, it may be asked, could such beautiful features of character provoke persecution? 9. And just as swearing to the truth of what we say begets the disposition it is designed to remove, so the love and reign of truth in the breasts of Christ's disciples reveals itself so plainly even to those who themselves cannot be trusted, that their simple Yes and No come soon to be more relied on than the most solemn asseverations of others. But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her--with the intent to do so, as the same expression is used in Matthew 6:1 ; or, with the full consent of his will, to feed thereby his unholy desires. Coffman's Commentaries on the BibleMatthew 5. Then shall His servants serve Him: and they shall see His face; and His name shall be in their foreheads ( Revelation 22:3 Revelation 22:4 ). The one legitimate ground of divorce allowed by the enactment just quoted was "some uncleanness"--in other words, conjugal infidelity. shall be in danger of the council; but whosoever shall say, Thou fool! What precise degrees of unholy feeling towards our brothers are indicated by the words "Raca" and "fool" it would be as useless as it is vain to inquire. for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell--He who despises the warning to cast from him, with indignant promptitude, an offending member, will find his whole body "cast," with a retributive promptitude of indignation, "into hell." of your Father which is in heaven--The meaning is, "that ye may show yourselves to be such by resembling Him" (compare Matthew 5:9 , Ephesians 5:1 ). 7 Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy. committeth adultery--for if the commandment is broken by the one party, it must be by the other also. 10. Attitudes are important too. Against all this our Lord now speaks decisively; teaching His audience that every oath carries an appeal to God, whether named or not. Never. 9. All rights reserved. And if ye salute your brethren only--of the same nation and religion with yourselves. Matthew 5 Commentary, this commentary by Robert Hawker, contains 9,600 comments on the Old and New Testaments 18. All three clearly refer to divine retribution, and that alone, for breaches of this commandment; though this is expressed by an allusion to Jewish tribunals. 37. The converse of the truth here taught is very strikingly expressed in mark 11:25 mark 11:26 : "And when ye stand praying (in the very act), forgive, if ye have aught (of just complaint) against any; that your Father also which is in heaven may forgive you your trespasses. It is not the mere want of a certain character, but the want of it in those whose profession and appearance were fitted to beget expectation of finding it. Would Moses, or David, or Isaiah, or Paul have so expressed themselves? Either of them is grammatically defensible, though the latter--"to the ancients"--is more consistent with New Testament usage (see the Greek of Romans 9:12 Romans 9:26 , Revelation 6:11 , 9:4 ); and most critics decide in favor of it. Commentary on Matthew 5:1-12 View Bible Text . For when we observe how jealously Jehovah asserts it as His exclusive prerogative to give law to men ( Leviticus 18:1-5 , 19:37 , Leviticus 26:1-4 Leviticus 26:13-16 , &c.), such language as this of our Lord will appear totally unsuitable, and indeed abhorrent, from any creature lips. The King is anointed, comes among the people to show his power, and afterwards acts as a Legislator, and sets forth his statutes.. 1. Jesus did not come to abolish the law, although that is one of the things he was accused of. 3. "According to the view given in Scripture," says TRENCH most justly, "the Christian stands in a middle point, between a mercy received and a mercy yet needed." The foregoing beatitudes--the first four--represent the saints rather as conscious of their need of salvation, and acting suitably to that character, than as possessed of it. And, indeed, to this day the Jews allow divorces on the most frivolous pretexts. Matthew chapter 5 summary, Jesus the Holy Messiah from God started His ministry. LIGHTFOOT quotes some of the cursed maxims inculcated by those traditionists regarding the proper treatment of all Gentiles. It is an honest confession that we are sinful and utterly without moral virtues needed to please God. Be ye therefore--rather, "Ye shall therefore be," or "Ye are therefore to be," as My disciples and in My kingdom. But let your communication--"your word," in ordinary intercourse, be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay--Let a simple Yes and No suffice in affirming the truth or the untruth of anything. i. 20. 5 Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth. God is thus seen reflected in them; and by the family likeness these peacemakers are recognized as the children of God. Thus, before the flood ( Genesis 6:11 Genesis 6:12 ); after the flood ( Genesis 8:21 ); in the days of David ( Psalms 14:2 Psalms 14:3 ); in the days of Isaiah ( Isaiah 1:5 Isaiah 1:6 ); and in the days of Paul ( Ephesians 2:1-3 ; see also Job 14:4 , Job 15:15 Job 15:16 , John 3:6 ; compared with Romans 8:8 , Titus 3:2 Titus 3:3 ). hath committed adultery with her already in his heart--We are not to suppose, from the word here used--"adultery"--that our Lord means to restrict the breach of this commandment to married persons, or to criminal intercourse with such. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. "If ye were of the world, the world would love his own: but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you." but on a candlestick--rather, "under the bushel, but on the lampstand." ", 48. The last feature, accordingly, is a passive one, representing the treatment that the characters already described may expect from the world. When Jesus ascends a mountain and begins to address the crowds (verses 1-2), the reader is expected to make the connection to another teacher (Moses), and another mountain (Sinai). and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment--liable to the judgment; that is, of the sentence of those inferior courts of judicature which were established in all the principal towns, in compliance with Deuteronomy 16:16 .

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