grey hairstreak butterfly host plant

December 6, 2020 in Uncategorized

Common hosts in the wild in New York were reported to be rabbit-foot clover (Trifolium arvense), white clover (T. repens), bush clover (Lespedeza capitata), white sweet-clover (Melilotis alba), and Malva neglecta (Shapiro 1974). hirta-- Fern Acacia: Mexican Yellow (Eurema mexicanum) Ceraunus Blue (Hemiargus ceraunus) Butterfly Host-Larvae Food Adult Food Comments . No single host plant will work for all butterflies. Adult butterflies/moths lay their eggs on host plants, then the larvae hatch and eat from the plant before undergoing metamorphosis into butterflies. Habitat. Underside is pale gray-green with irregular white-edged bands across the wings. Black Cherry is the only documented host in Alabama. Butterfly Host Plants . Remember that plant diversity is crucial. Flowers and fruits from an almost endless variety of plants; most often from: pea mallow beans clovers; cotton . Host plants are blooms and fruit of mallow, pea, cotton, clover, beans, and other plants. have been reported ias hosts in other parts of the Coral Hairstreak's range. Ceraunus Blue, Cloudless Sulphur, Gray Hairstreak, Little Sulphur, Little Yellow, Mallow Scrub-Hairstreak, Orange-barred Sulphur, Sleepy Orange Chamaecrista lineata Big Pine Partridge Pea Remember that plant diversity is crucial. Common Milkweed . Wild Bergamot. (At the same time, in many places in the Rocky Mountains, gray hairstreaks will also use Astragalus spp. Turtlehead . Providing these host plants will encourage butterflies to remain in your garden year-round. are tended by ants. Butterfly gardening involves planning your garden to attract, retain and encourage butterfly populations. of a variety of host plants including several species mallows, members of the ID Tip: On ventral wings, there is a conspicuous orange or red-orange band. A Massachusetts gardener credits a new patch of lavender with bringing Gray Hairstreaks into his garden for the first time. Why do they have a white, black and orange markings… and so on and so on. The Gray Hairstreak is a species of butterflies common in almost entire North America and is very common throughout their range. Photo courtesy Nicky Davis. It is a member of the carrot family and is hardy through zone 4. Instructions on how to overwinter your pupa can be found here. However, it would enter hibernation if the stage coincides with the winter. Identification: Tiny—1". No single host plant will work for all butterflies. Butterfly Size: 7/8 - 1 3/8 inches. Examples of this can be seen in this section of the website. Native Habitats: Coastal hammocks. Make sure you puncture holes in these closed container to allow caterpillar frass to dry. Edward's Hairstreak (Satyrium edwardsii), has one flight from May-July in the south and June-July in the north. This is an important Habitat. This page lists the larval foodplants used by British and Irish butterflies. Host plants are blooms and fruit of mallow, pea, cotton, clover, beans, and other plants. Nature is truly fascinating. FOOD PLANT Red clover grows up to 2′ in height and produces purple-colored blooms. Zigzags on hindwing. Eastern Red edar (Juniperus virginiana) - seeds used by birds and wildlife, very drought tolerant once es-tablished, evergreen, sometimes used as hristmas trees. Due to the decline in the abundance and distribution of its host plant caused by overharvesting the root for starch production by early settlers, the Atala butterfly was thought to be extinct from 1937 until 1959 (Klots 1951; Rawson 1961). The Gray hairstreak (Strymon melinus) is one of the most common A Massachusetts gardener credits a new patch of lavender with bringing Gray Hairstreaks into his garden for the first time. Pasture Thistle . HOST PLANT For clouded sulphur, orange sulphur, eastern tailed blue, southern dogface, northern cloudywing, gray hairstreak, Reakirt’s blue butterflies. x x Giant Swallowtail Escarpment Black Cherry * Prunus serotina var. Clouded Sulphur . Anise. Another butterfly caterpillar that feeds on redroot buckwheat that you might find is the spalding blue (Euphilotes spaldingi). Host Plants for other butterflies . Native butterflies will want native plants so be sure to get the native variety of a host plant. For successful butterfly gardening, you need to provide food for more than the adult butterflies. Most observations are in the open habitat along Transect A. Different species want different plants, ones … Caterpillars range in color from gray to pink. Woodland edges, savanna, and hedgerows that contain a variety of oaks, the main host plant for this species. Columbine Duskywing . The butterflies, which have probably found a nearby host plant, seem to prefer the lavender's nectar almost exclusively. Species and bloom time may vary based on region. Eastern Tailed-Blue . Once you've placed your mature larva on facial tissue, and folded into a "pillow", place that into a squat tub for 3 days while waiting for your larva to pupate. Butterfly Milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa) is an important nectar plant for this species. Subscribe our email newsletter for future updates... © 2020 (Butterfly Identification). Host Plants. The flowers of redroot buckwheat (Eriogonum racemosum) is one of the many species of plants that the gray hairstreak larvae will feed on. Underside of hindwing gray-brown; blue tail-spot capped narrowly with orange; white-edged black W near inner margin. There are two broods in Wisconsin, starting late April/early May, and four, spanning most of the year, in the south. A wide variety of host plants of herbs, trees and shrubs from multiple families, including Fabaceae. Their wings are about 1 to 1 1/4 inches from tip to tip. Gray Hairstreak Butterfly Chrysalis static1.1.sqspcdn.com, Gray Hairstreak Chrysalis cdn.butterflyatlas.org. HOST PLANT For clouded sulphur, orange sulphur, eastern tailed blue, southern dogface, northern cloudywing, gray hairstreak, Reakirt’s blue butterflies. Upperside blue-gray with red spot near tail. In some regions within their habitat, the caterpillars are considered as pests, since they often cause economic damage to crops like cotton, bean, etc. Your email address will not be published. 1. NJ Status and Distribution: Resident. The Gray Hairstreak is a species of butterflies common in almost entire North America and is very common throughout their range. ... Gray Hairstreak . The Gray Hairstreak Butterfly is so widely spread throughout North, Central and South America it is considered a pest. Other species of milkweed are also good for attracting these amazing pollinating insects. Gray Hairstreak uses an extensive list of larval host plants, although mainly mallows and legumes. The Gray Hairstreak pupa also makes noise. Adult Butterfly. Goldenrod hosts the larvae of the Baltimore and Silvery Checkerspot and attracts the Monarch, Silver-Spotted Skipper, Clouded Sulpher, Viceroy and Gray Hairstreak butterfly. In central California, frequent hosts include ceanothus, mallows, legumes, clover, alfalfa, hollyhocks, and more. ), sweet white clover (Mel), beggarweeds (Desmodium spp.) Monarch . 22) Gray Hairstreak Butterfly. Host Plants (Guide) Butterfly Gardening 101; Sightings; Rare or Endangered Butterflies; Links & Research; Butterflies ; Butterflies. Gray Hairstreak—which is occasionally seen open winged—is larger, has a larger orange spot on HW, 2 longer, more-obvious tails, and a small orange spot on head. Host Plants for other butterflies . Its larvae feed on the fruits and flowers The flowers and fruits are chosen from innumerable varieties of plants especially from pea (Fabaceae) and mallow (Malvaceae) families that include beans (Phaseolus), clover (Trifolium), and cotton (Gossypium). Blue False Indigo & White False Indigo . FLOWERS: Wild Columbine . About any weedy meadow or field nearby can support a population of this hairstreak. The Edwards’ Hairstreak always has this row of separated spots, and each spot is surrounded by a white ring. Last, place a screen lid on top. Underside of spring/fall form is dark gray, summer form is paler gray. The advantage of this method is that the stalks of the host are in water and it stays fresher longer where you don't have to change it out once or twice a day. Butterfly Host-Larvae Food Adult Food Comments . Painted Lady . It can be Here is a photo of the gray hairstreak pupa. Anise – Pimpinella anisum Native to the Eastern Mediterranean, anise is an annual that grows about 3’ tall. Don’t worry; the plants will recover. Another alternative to rearing gray hairstreaks in closed containers is to use the twin cup method. Wing Span: 7/8 - 1 1/2 inches (2.2 - 3.8 cm). Larval host plant for Miami blue (Hemiargus thomasi) and silver-banded hairstreak (Chlorostrymon simaethis) butterflies; occasional larval host for the gray hairstreak butterfly (Strymon melinus). Flight. Get the Latest Buzz Larval Host Plants for Butterflies and Moths Use plants that are appropriate to your landscape conditions, emphasizing plants that are native to your region. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. clover (Trifolium spp. It is found in North America along the south coast of British Columbia and parts of Nevada, Arizona, Saskatchewan, North Dakota, and New Mexico. About any weedy meadow or field nearby can support a population of this hairstreak. In other words, look for congregations of ants when looking for caterpillars. Gray Hairstreak . Say Douglas and Douglas in Butterflies of the Great Lakes Region (2005), “Individuals from the spring brood are on the average smaller and darker than those from the summer brood.” Typically laid on dead leaves located beneath host. Wild Indigo and Lead Plant host the larvae of Sulfur butterflies. Young caterpillars live on flowers and fruits, while the older ones (at the final stage) may consume leaves. The caterpillars are green, with a line running down from the head to the end. Orange Sulphur . Plants such as yellow sunflower, pink Joe-Pye weed, purple coneflower and purple verbena, yellow Black-eyed Susan, red bee balm/bergamot and purple wild asters provide plentiful color. White Clover ( Trifolium repens ) - Host Plant Common Partridge Pea ( Chamaecrista fasciculata ) - Host Plant Gray Hairstreak - Strymon melinus. Wild Indigo Duskywing . transmutationalgarden.files.wordpress.com. Flowers of similar colors grouped together are more attractive to both butterflies and the gardener.How to plan for and manage a butterfly garden with suggested host plants for caterpillars and adult butterflies. Display Options. The name of each foodplant links to a Google search and secondary food sources are greyed out. Butterfly distribution is governed largely by larval host plant distribution: You tend to find a butterfly species near the type of plants that its caterpillars eat. The pupa has a shelled-groundnut-like shape and color, with fine velvety protrusions all over the body. It takes around 7-10 days to emerge into a butterfly. Including clovers Trifolium spp., bush clovers Lespedeza spp., tick-trefoil Desmodium spp., mallows Malva spp.,and vetches Vicia spp. Gray Hairstreak Butterfly Caterpillar c1.staticflickr.com. of Miami-Dade and Monroe Counties. Because gray hairstreak caterpillars can be cannibalistic, it becomes practical to rear them in separate containers such as storage containers, squat tubs, or restaurant supply condiment containers (i.e, solo cups.) Both tall and short sedums are beloved by butterflies and are great plants for the xeric butterfly garden. lycaenids in North America. Sometimes, larvae are not too difficult to find in the flowers of these host plants when they All rights reserved. When it does, througout much of its distribution, the gray hairstreak will utilize this plant. Although this plant has green basal leaves that are visible in the spring, this plant doesn't usually bloom until late summer. Common and widespread. Kim Eierman Founder of EcoBeneficial! Coloring: Upper side is gray to gray-brown with a distinctive orange patch. 1 BCBC.FNPS Host Plants 2018 NATIVE HOST PLANTS FOR SCARCE SOUTH FLORIDA BUTTERFLIES 2018 edited by Broward Butterfly & Native Plant Chapters Plant Common Plants Scientific Butterfly Common Butterfly Scientific NectarBrowDadeKeysPalmBroods American Bluehearts Buchnera americana Common Buckeye Junonia coenia Y Y Y Y Annual Glasswort Salicornia bigelovii Eastern … I don't have a photo of a gray hairstreak larva that is ready to form a chrysalis; but lycaenid larvae tend to change color when they are finished eating and are ready seek a place to pupate and form a chrysalis. On both surfaces of the hind wing, close to the abdomen, is a large black-pupiled red spot, and delicate, highly mobile ‘tails’. Because gray hairstreak caterpillars camouflage themselves so well on the redroot buckwheat flowers, it is always helpful to also look for ants that are tending these gray hairstreak caterpillars. Apart from monarchs, it also hosts grey hairstreak, and queen butterflies. Swamp Milkweed . Female is similar, but dark gray, and orange spots are more prominent. The caterpillars have evolved to eat from more than 30 plant families. Butterfly Host Plants. Frosted Elfin . MEEC Native Plant Sale . Similar Species: White M Hairstreak; Additional Information: Adults regularly perch or bask with wings partially open Butterfly Weed . Host plants are plants that provide food for butterfly or moth larvae (caterpillars). The tiny butterflies belong to the hairstreak group and are often tended by ants in their host plants from which they can very easily be identified. USDA Zones . This, Gray Hairstreak Fourth Instar Larva Tended by Ant, Gray Hairstreak Fourth Instar Caterpillar, Easy Place for Gray Hairstreak Larva to Pupate, Gray Hairstreak Emerges into an Adult Butterfly. Habitat Plant Species Butterflies Host Nectar W Alligator Flag (Thalia geniculata) Brazilian Skipper (Calpodes ethlius) X H, P Balloonvine (Cardiospermum corindum) Silver-banded Hairstreak (Chlorostrymon simaethus)^X X Miami Blue (Hemiargus thomasi)^ X X Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus) X X C, K Bay Cedar (Suriana maritima) Martial Scrub Hairstreak (Strymon martialis) X X Trees. Plant names are taken from New Flora of the British Isles, 4th edition (Stace, 2019). The lids of these containers have holes poked around them; so that caterpillar poop can dry and the larvae don't get sick. Like several hairstreak butterfly species, Gray Hairstreak butterflies has orange dots on the outside of their wings. Probably because it feeds on so much, as this list shows.. Alfalfa (Medicago) Alkali (Malvaceae) Balloon Vine (Cardiospermum Halicacabum) Beggarweed (Desmodium Genus) Broomweed (Malvaceae) Suitable to grow in: 10A 10B 11 . On the spalding blue, there is a single reddish line; whereas the pattern on the gray hairstreak is more a double line or a series of quotation marks. Distribution and Planting Zones. The main difference between these two larvae is evident on the pattern of the lines on the mid-dorsum (back). Their wings are about 1 to 1 1/4 inches from tip to tip. It can be grown … pea family, buckwheats, clovers, and many other plants. Plant names are taken from New Flora of the British Isles, 4th edition (Stace, 2019). Alder (Alnus serrulata) Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) American Elm (Ulmus americana) Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) ... Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus) Silver Spotted Skipper (Epargyreus clarus) Larval host plants for the Gray Hairstreak are: Mainly in the families of Legumes Fabaceae, mallows Malvaceae. Abundance gray hairstreaks in Northern Utah that feed on buckwheat. It usually takes about 7-10 days for your pupa to emerge into a live butterfly UNLESS, of course, the pupa has entered diapause; in which case you would need to overwinter your pupa before it emerges. Above: Male FW and HW deep blue with dark borders and small orange spots near tails. FOOD PLANT Red clover grows up to 2′ in height and produces purple-colored blooms. Evergreen, aromatic tree with trunk often an-gled and buttressed at base and narrow, compact, columnar crown; sometimes becoming broad and irregular. Nectar plants for butterflies . The information on this page is taken from Life Cycles of British and Irish Butterflies (Eeles, 2019). The following slide show demonstrates techniques for finding and caring for It can be grown in full sun or part shade and pretty much any soil type. Gray Hairstreak Butterfly leps.thenalls.net, Average wingspan: 7/8 – 1 3/8 inches (2.2 – 3.5 cm), Gray Hairstreak Butterfly Eggs cdn.butterflyatlas.org, Elsewhere: Various passion flower species, Gray Hairstreak Butterfly Host Plant transmutationalgarden.files.wordpress.com, Gray Hairstreak Images butterfliesandmoths.org, Strymon melinus learnaboutbutterflies.com, Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *. The Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus) is easy to spot, even amongst lots of other butterflies because of a distinctive behavior; its wings are folded while it’s sipping nectar, and it rubs its hind wings together steadily as it feeds. When the wings are closed, the ventral side shows a similar appearance as the dorsal. The white postmedian line is relatively straight with an orange border on the inside edge. To set it up, simply place host cuttings through the hole of one cup to rest in another cup of water. Abelmoschus esculentus-- Okra: Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus): Abutilon spp. This gray hairstreak caterpillar is feeding on the blossoms of redroot buckwheat. Get the Latest Buzz Larval Host Plants for Butterflies and Moths Use plants that are appropriate to your landscape conditions, emphasizing plants that are native to your region. (If that sounds complicated, watch the first minute of this video.). The Gray Hairstreak is considered an uncommon species at the GTM. Display Options The tiny butterflies belong to the hairstreak group and are often tended by ants in their host plants from which they can very easily be identified. Trees Nectar Host Butterfly Species Apple Malus pumila x Gray Hairstreak, Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Red-spotted Purple, Spring/Summer Azure, Viceroy Citrus Citrus spp. Sexual Dimorphism: Faintly present Color and Appearance: When the wings are open, the males of the species display a shiny purplish glow on the dorsal side, whereas the females show a pair of patches only on the forewings.When the wings are closed, the ventral side exhibit a faint grey hue with a streak in white, bordered in black that runs down the central part of both the wings. Natural Range in Florida. One brood, late June and July and sometimes into early August. This is an important Plant Height: 1 – 2.5 feet. Description. Flight. Banded Hairstreak (Satyrium calanus), which have one flight from June-August everywhere but Florida where they emerge April-May. Species: Strymon melinus. Larval Host Plants: Partridge pea (Cassia fasciculata), bush clover (Lespedeza spp.) Bleeding Heart (Dicentra formosa).The host plant of the Clodius Parnassian (Parnassius clodius).Cusick's Checkermallow (Sidalcea cusickii).A host plant for the West Coast Lady (Vanessa annabella), Common Checkered Skipper (Pyrgus communis), Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui), Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus), and American Lady (suspected) (Vanessa virginiensis). (This video teaches this general principle.). Like several hairstreak butterfly species, Gray Hairstreak butterflies has orange dots on the outside of their wings. Egg: Creamy brown, flattened disc. GTM Occurrence 9. Gray hairstreak caterpillars show caterpillar color variation consistent with the same variability of the blossoms of redroot buckwheat--ranging from pink to white. The name of each foodplant links to a Google search and secondary food sources are greyed out. Abundance -- Indian Mallow: Mallow Scrub-Hairstreak (Strymon istapa) P: Abutilon theophrasti-- Velvet-Leaf Butterprint: Common Checkered Skipper (Pyrgus communis) Tropical Checkered Skipper (Pyrgus oileus): Acacia angustissima var. I am so fascinated by how butterflies like the Gray Hairstreak, get their coloration and design…. Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus), has three to four flights in the south from February-November and two flights in the north from May-September. The butterflies, which have probably found a nearby host plant, seem to prefer the lavender's nectar almost exclusively. Upper wing surfaces differ according to sex: Males are slate gray with no markings; females are gray with iridescent blue scales that are visible in flight. Almost in the entire North American continent, Central America, down to the northern regions of South America, Commonly found in disturbed, weedy areas, open lands devoid of dense vegetation, In Central America: Passionflower species, Nectar several flower species, mainly mint, winter cress, sweet white clover, dogbane, milkweed, goldenrod, and tick trefoil. HOST PLANTS (By Common Name) ... plants in the same genus are used in other parts of the range of the butterfly. Type: Perennial. To learn more about Sedum, Check out our Sedum article in our articles archive. New Jersey Butterflies. At the time I snapped the picture of this cat on a Sweet Almond Bush (Aloysia virgata) I had no idea it was a Gray Hairstreak caterpillar until much later, even though there was an adult perched on a flower near by. f.), is used in butterfly g… Sometimes the flowers are pink; sometimes they are white. It does seem that the variety of host plants it uses is just about endless! Habitat: Dry or wet meadows, … applied to other parts of the Western U.S. where Eriogonum racemosum and possibly other species of buckwheat support this butterfly in the late summer and fall. In 2009, this species was adopted as the U.S. state butterfly for Wyoming. After the eggs hatch, caterpillars, with their voracious appetites, may eat all the foliage from the host plants, completely denuding them.

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