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December 6, 2020 in Uncategorized

1 a young bird, especially a young hen: “She keeps chickens.” kip 2 its flesh used as food: “a plate of fried chicken.” kip 3 (slang.) Chicken definition, a domestic fowl, Gallus domesticus, descended from various jungle fowl, especially the red jungle fowl, and developed in a number of breeds for its flesh, eggs, and feathers. Vertalingen van 'chicken' in het gratis Engels-Nederlands woordenboek en vele andere Nederlandse vertalingen. Throw explosive eggs and arrange a slaughter. [14], Chickens are omnivores. A happier bird makes for happier food. Several of Aesop's Fables reference this belief. You can cool your rooster, weapon, beak, sneakers and caps. Owing to the relative ease and low cost of raising them in comparison to animals such as cattle or hogs, chickens have become prevalent throughout the cuisine of cultures around the world, and their meat has been variously adapted to regional tastes.. Chicken can be … [10] Castrated or neutered roosters are called capons (surgical and chemical castration are now illegal in some parts of the world). Despite the name, they are not affected by chickenpox, which is generally restricted to humans.[80]. In Confucian Chinese weddings, a chicken can be used as a substitute for one who is seriously ill or not available (e.g., sudden death) to attend the ceremony. The sacrifice of the animal is to receive atonement, for the animal symbolically takes on all the person's sins in kapparos. If the eggs aren't turned, the embryo inside may stick to the shell and may hatch with physical defects. [48], A lack of data from Thailand, Russia, the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa makes it difficult to lay out a clear map of the spread of chickens in these areas; better description and genetic analysis of local breeds threatened by extinction may also help with research into this area. Chickens may occasionally fly briefly to explore their surroundings, but generally do so only to flee perceived danger. [40] In a study published in 2020, it was found that chickens shared between 71% - 79% of their genome with red junglefowl, with the period of domestication dated to 8,000 years ago. In 162 BC, the Lex Faunia forbade fattening hens on grain which was a measure enacted to reduce the demand for grain. This hawk thought he'd have a chicken dinner until he met our hens", "Saunders's framework for understanding limb development as a platform for investigating limb evolution", Scientists Find Chickens Retain Ancient Ability to Grow Teeth, "Sequence and comparative analysis of the chicken genome provide unique perspectives on vertebrate evolution", "A New Chicken Genome Assembly Provides Insight into Avian Genome Structure", "Hypoxic adaptations of hemoglobin in Tibetan chick embryo: High oxygen-affinity mutation and selective expression", "Influences of Hypoxia on Hatching Performance in Chickens with Different Genetic Adaptation to High Altitude", "A genetic variation map for chicken with 2.8 million single nucleotide polymorphisms", "The wild species genome ancestry of domestic chickens", "Identification of the Yellow Skin Gene Reveals a Hybrid Origin of the Domestic Chicken", "DNA reveals how the chicken crossed the sea", "Radiocarbon and DNA evidence for a pre-Columbian introduction of Polynesian chickens to Chile", "First Chickens in Americas Were Brought From Polynesia", "Indo-European and Asian origins for Chilean and Pacific chickens revealed by mtDNA", "Using ancient DNA to study the origins and dispersal of ancestral Polynesian chickens across the Pacific", "About chickens | Compassion in World Farming", "Towards Happier Meals In A Globalized World", "Broiler Chickens Fact Sheet // Animals Australia", "UK Egg Industry Data | Official Egg Info", "Physiology and behavior of the hen during induced moult", "The Effects of Alternative Forced-Molting Methods on The Performance and Egg Quality of Commercial Layers", "History, changing scenarios and future strategies to induce moulting in laying hens", "Some homeowners find chickens all the rage", "Chickens will become a beloved pet — just like the family dog", "Despite what you might think, chickens are not stupid", "Forget dogs and cats. The Talmud speaks of learning "courtesy toward one's mate" from the rooster. It was renewed a number of times, but does not seem to have been successful. '"[85] It happened,[86] and Peter cried bitterly. Hens, particularly from battery cage systems, are sometimes infirm or have lost a significant amount of their feathers, and their life expectancy has been reduced from around seven years to less than two years. Individual chickens in a flock will dominate others, establishing a "pecking order", with dominant individuals having priority for food access and nesting locations. More specifically, mating typically involves the following sequence: 1. The chickens were cared for by the pullarius, who opened their cage and fed them pulses or a special kind of soft cake when an augury was needed. Although not a sacrifice in the biblical sense, the death of the animal reminds the penitent sinner that his or her life is in God's hands. A cockatrice was supposed to have been born from an egg laid by a rooster, as well as killed by a rooster's call. According to Aldrovandi, capons were produced by burning "the hind part of the bowels, or loins or spurs"[108] with a hot iron. It has long been suggested that they pre-date the arrival of European chickens brought by the Spanish and are evidence of pre-Columbian trans-Pacific contacts between Asian or Pacific Oceanic peoples, particularly the Polynesians, and South America. Recent molecular evidence obtained from a whole-genome study published in 2020 reveals that the chicken was domesticated 8,000 years ago. Shooting on the network with two modes, 5 vs 5 and against all. "About 3200 BC chickens were common in Sindh. When feeding grape marc, it should be supplemented with some bran. They reached Egypt for purposes of cockfighting about 1400 BC, and became widely bred only in Ptolemaic Egypt (about 300 BC). Water or ground-dwelling fowl, similar to modern partridges, survived the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event that killed all tree-dwelling birds and dinosaurs. (Received Pronunciation, General American) enPR: chĭk'ĭn, IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃɪkɪn/ The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a type of domesticated fowl, a subspecies of the red junglefowl (Gallus gallus). Here are our 29 best Indian chicken recipes that include north to south Indian chicken recipes. From ancient India, the domesticated chicken spread to Lydia in western Asia Minor, and to Greece by the 5th century BC. Een chicken game (Nederlands: spel van de angsthaas) is een belangrijk conflictmodel in de speltheorie.Het principe is dat als in een conflict niemand toegeeft, dit voor iedereen nadelig is. Modeling of the potential marine carbon contribution to the Chilean archaeological specimen casts further doubt on claims for pre-Columbian chickens, and definitive proof will require further analyses of ancient DNA sequences and radiocarbon and stable isotope data from archaeological excavations within both Chile and Polynesia. It was during the Hellenistic period (4th-2nd centuries BC), in the Southern Levant, that chickens began widely to be widely domesticated for food. A rooster might also come to the aid of a hen if she is attacked. 4. This use of chicken survives in the phrase Hen and Chickens, sometimes used as a British public house or theatre name, and to name groups of one large and many small rocks or islands in the sea (see for example Hen and Chicken Islands). [90] This might refer to the fact that when a rooster finds something good to eat, he calls his hens to eat first. Vertalingen in context van "chicken" in Engels-Nederlands van Reverso Context: fried chicken, chicken out, chicken soup, chicken pox, chicken wings Fertile chicken eggs hatch at the end of the incubation period, about 21 days. [6] Fowl had been known in Egypt since the mid-15th century BC, with the "bird that gives birth every day" having come to Egypt from the land between Syria and Shinar, Babylonia, according to the annals of Thutmose III. However, in some breeds, such as the Sebright chicken, the rooster has only slightly pointed neck feathers, the same colour as the hen's. Females over a year old are known as hens, and younger females as pullets,[11] although in the egg-laying industry, a pullet becomes a hen when she begins to lay eggs, at 16 to 20 weeks of age. In the Deep South of the United States, chickens are referred to by the slang term yardbird. Speel Chicken, het gratis online spel op! Older eggs require increased ventilation. [109], subspecies of domesticated bird, primarily a source of food, Under natural conditions, most birds lay only until a, Maguelonne Toussaint-Samat, (Anthea Bell, translator). Chickens, together with dogs and pigs, were the domestic animals of the Lapita culture,[94] the first Neolithic culture of Oceania.[95]. Saunders. This behaviour may also be observed in mother hens to call their chicks and encourage them to eat. [69], Keeping chickens as pets became increasingly popular in the 2000s[70] among urban and suburban residents. Organic and free-range chickens have lived longer and are stronger, healthier birds. Because of its valor, the cock is found as an attribute of Ares, Heracles, and Athena. Versimpel je leven, voel je gelukkiger, gezonder en vrijer. If the chickens stayed in their cage, made noises ("occinerent"), beat their wings or flew away, the omen was bad; if they ate greedily, the omen was good. Humans keep chickens primarily as a source of foo… Female crouching (receptive posture) or stepping aside or running away (if unwilling to copulate). From classic chicken tikka masala to Thai green curry, take a tour of global flavours with BBC Food's top curry recipes. A common domesticated fowl widely raised for meat and eggs and believed to be descended from … Armed chickens shoot and fight with each other. Free-ranging chickens should receive two cups of barley daily. [48], An unusual variety of chicken that has its origins in South America is the araucana, bred in southern Chile by the Mapuche people. Chickens will naturally live for six or more years, but broiler breeds typically take less than six weeks to reach slaughter size. To discourage it, they may place the hen in an elevated cage with an open wire floor. . White chickens should be avoided as they are not very fertile and are easily caught by eagles or goshawks. [47] The majority of the world's domestic chickens may be traced to the Harappan culture of the Indus Valley. Variety Bucket He promptly lost the battle against the Carthaginians and 93 Roman ships were sunk. Pictures of chickens are found on Greek red figure and black-figure pottery. In the case of Rhodian and Median cocks that are very heavy and therefore not much inclined to sex, only three hens are kept per cock. Some of the diseases that can affect chickens are shown below: Since antiquity chickens have been, and still are, a sacred animal in some cultures[83] and deeply embedded within belief systems and religious worship. In total, the UK alone consumes more than 34 million eggs per day. sonneratii). A chicken is tethered by the leg and kept present at the ceremony for its duration to ensure that any evil spirits present go into the chicken and not the family members. Evaporation can be assessed by candling, to view the size of the air sac, or by measuring weight loss. The Romans used chickens for oracles, both when flying ("ex avibus", Augury) and when feeding ("auspicium ex tripudiis", Alectryomancy). While many do not cuddle much, they will eat from one's hand, respond to and follow their handlers, as well as show affection.[72]. According to Columella (De Re Rustica 8.2.7), the ideal flock consists of 200 birds, which can be supervised by one person if someone is watching for stray animals. chicken definition: 1. a type of bird kept on a farm for its eggs or its meat, or the meat of this bird that is cooked…. Chickens are social, inquisitive, intelligent[73] birds, and many find their behaviour entertaining. Lekker & snel!. bangerik, lafaard 'chicken-'hearted (Bijvoeglijk naamwoord) cowardly. An early domestication of chickens in Southeast Asia is probable, since the word for domestic chicken (*manuk) is part of the reconstructed Proto-Austronesian language (see Austronesian languages). chicken out; onovergankelijk, achteruitkrabbelen, er tussen uit knijpen, terugkrabbelen. Adult chickens have a fleshy crest on their heads called a comb, or cockscomb, and hanging flaps of skin either side under their beaks called wattles. Back in Rome, he was tried for impiety and heavily fined.[103]. If the nest is small, or one of the hens is particularly determined, this may result in chickens trying to lay on top of each other. Eventually, the chicken moved to the Tarim basin of central Asia. Chicken breasts and our delicious dressing make an ideal dinner for two 41 mins . [78][79] The average incubation period for chickens is 21 days but may depend on the temperature and humidity in the incubator. For instance, many important discoveries in the area of limb development have been made using chicken embryos, such as the discovery of the apical ectodermal ridge (AER) and the zone of polarizing activity (ZPA) by John W. Chickens are one of the most common and widespread domestic animals, with a total population of 23.7 billion as of 2018. up from more than 19 billion in 2011. Grilled chicken with charred pineapple salad, Crispy & sticky chicken thighs with squashed new potatoes & tomatoes, Clare's chicken fajitas with cheat's mole sauce, Chicken & lentil salad with caper dressing, Asian-inspired chicken rice balls & broth, Leftover chicken with tomatoes & crispy chorizo, Indian-spiced potatoes with chicken thighs, Michela’s smashed avocado, basil & chicken (no cook), Dexter Fletcher's party-time Mexican tacos, Roasted veg vindaloo with golden gnarly chicken skewers, Quick crispy chicken with tomatoes & asparagus, Roast chicken with mixed mushroom stuffing, Spring chicken stuffed with black pudding and with braised baby vegetables, Tender and crisp chicken legs with sweet tomatoes, Roasted chicken breast with pancetta, leeks and thyme, Roasted chicken breast with lemony Bombay potatoes, Roasted chicken breast with creamy butternut squash and chilli, Roasted chicken breast with cherry tomatoes and asparagus, Roast chicken with lemon and rosemary roast potatoes, Levi Roots-stylee jerk chicken & jalapeno breads, Hunter's chicken stew (Pollo alla cacciatora), Chicken and mushroom pasta bake (Spaghetti tetrazzini). For best results, eggs should be placed with the pointed ends down and turned regularly (at least three times per day) until one to three days before hatching. When a rooster finds food, he may call other chickens to eat first. [48] Little is known about the chicken's introduction into Africa. Removing hens or roosters from a flock causes a temporary disruption to this social order until a new pecking order is established. The most pampered pets of the moment might be our backyard chickens", "Clucks and Chooks: guide to keeping chickens", Chickens and the Cultural Context of the Gospels, A classical and archaeological dictionary of the manners, customs, laws, institutions, arts, etc. chicken synonyms, chicken pronunciation, chicken translation, English dictionary definition of chicken. [65] In some other countries, flocks are sometimes force moulted, rather than being slaughtered, to re-invigorate egg-laying. He identified Tanagrian, Rhodic, Chalkidic and Median (commonly misidentified as Melian) breeds, which have an impressive appearance, a quarrelsome nature and were used for cockfighting by the Greeks (De Re Rustica 8.3.4). [96][97] The poet Cratinus (mid-5th century BC, according to the later Greek author Athenaeus) calls the chicken "the Persian alarm". A red silk scarf is placed on the chicken's head and a close relative of the absent bride/groom holds the chicken so the ceremony may proceed. [101], In 249 BC, the Roman general Publius Claudius Pulcher had his "sacred chickens" "[102] thrown overboard when they refused to feed before the battle of Drepana, saying "If they won't eat, perhaps they will drink." Online eten bestellen bij Gangnam Chicken via One cock should be kept for five hens. We've got you covered whether it's a traditional roast, a flavourful curry or a … CHOF : The Cambridge History of Food, 2000, The Antiquary: a magazine devoted to the study of the past, Volume 17 edited by, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Number of chickens worldwide from 1990 to 2018", "The Ancient City Where People Decided to Eat Chickens", "Earliest economic exploitation of chicken outside East Asia: Evidence from the Hellenistic Southern Levant", "Early Holocene chicken domestication in northern China", "Frequently asked questions about chickens & eggs", "World's oldest chicken starred in magic shows, was on 'Tonight Show, "Introducing new hens to a flock " Musings from a Stonehead", "Top cock: Roosters crow in pecking order", "Early egg production in genetically blind (rc/rc) chickens in comparison with sighted (Rc+/rc) controls", "Chickens 'teamed up to kill fox' at Brittany farming school", "Check this out!

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